WW1 31st Batt Unforms


The basic arrangement consisted of the following components:

  • 3-inch wide waist belt, with two angled 2-inch buckles at the rear.
  • 2-inch wide shoulder straps, attached to the aforementioned buckles.
  • Left and right hand ammunition pouches, consisting of five individual pockets, three underneath and two above.
  • Haversack – this could be worn in a variety of positions and methods from middle of the back to below waist belt.
  • Water bottle and carrier.
  • Entrenching tool and helve carrier – a two piece device and the handle of which is carried strapped to the bayonet scabbard, and attached to the bayonet frog.
  • A large pack was also carried, almost always on the back. Valise straps attached the pack to the wearer.

The individual AIF infantryman was issued with a universal kit or duffle bag. Into which he packed the following:

  • 2 pairs of brown leather hob-nail-soled ankle boots, with one spare pair of laces
  • 1 pair of braces
  • 2 pairs of woolen cord Commonwealth Pattern breeches
  • Field Service Cap or Slouch Hat, with 2 spare chin straps
  • Greatcoat
  • Jacket – Service Dress
  • 1 pair of Puttees – fabric strapping for lower legs
  • Dungaree jacket and trousers

Other pieces of kit included insignia and rank badges, and training garments including white canvas plimsolls and hat.

He was assigned three brushes: hair, shaving and tooth. A comb, razor in a case and soap were his allotted toiletries. Underclothes were essential and each man was given two pairs of cotton drawers (underwear), 2 singlets, 2 flannel shirts and 3 pairs of socks. To keep out the chill he was allotted a jersey and khaki cap comforter.






SMLE .303






All of the essential smaller items were contained in a ‘holdall’ and supplemented by a ‘housewife’, a holdall/pouch contained all that a soldier would require to carry out any repairs to his clothing when necessary. Inside it would contain a thimble, two balls of grey darning wool (for socks), 50 yards of linen thread wound around card, needles, brass dish buttons and plastic buttons for shirts. The personal kit it would be finished off with the essentials of a knife, fork and spoon, that could be used with the D-shaped mess tin It consisted of two portions, a lid and a base and allowed for both a meal and hot drink to be served. Additionally a service knife was issued, which contained a marline splicing spike, a tin opener and lanyard. – See more at: http://blogs.ancestry.com.au/cm/the-official-kit-of-the-australian-imperial-force-in-world-war-i/#sthash.z2nHg07u.dpuf